new HSK 1
也 and 还
也 and 还
也 and 还 serve as adverbs and connectives for adjectives and verbs.
new HSK 1
也 as an adverb
indicates a simultaneous action done by different people. In a sentence, 也 is placed before the predicate.
My father is a doctor, and my mother is a doctor too
wǒ bàba shì yīshēng, wǒ māma yě shì yīshēng
They're going to the cinema, and I'm also going to the cinema
tāmen qù diànyǐngyuàn, wǒ yě qù diànyǐngyuàn
If there are other adverbs in a sentence, 也 is placed before them.
I'm busy too
wǒ yě hěn máng
In a negative sentence, 也 is placed
I'm not going to bed, and neither is my little sister
wǒ bú qù shuìjiào, wǒ mèimei yě bú qù
The students also don't have that book
xuésheng yě méi yǒu nà běn shū
也 as a connective
The connective 也 links adjectives and verbs.
with verb or adjective is only used colloquially.
He is very smart and handsome
tā hěn cōngmíng yě hěn shuài
I like reading books and listening to music
wǒ xǐhuan kàn shū, yě xǐhuan tīng yīnyuè
The structure (也)…也…
The structure (也)…也… is used when comparing two or more actions or items to show that they are equal.
In this structure, the object is placed at the beginning of the sentence.
I like both swimming and reading books
yóuyǒng wǒ xǐhuan, kànshū wǒ yě xǐhuan
I don't care if you eat or not
fàn nǐ chī yě hǎo, bù chī yě hǎo, wǒ wúsuǒwèi
还 as an adverb
is used to indicate "still", "yet".
还 is often placed before the following words:
to indicate "not bad", "well", "good enough".
This skirt looks good
zhè tiáo qúnzi kànqǐlái hái búcuò
The taste is not bad
wèidao hái kěyǐ
I feel good
wǒ gǎnjué hái xíng
还 as a connective
The connective 还 means "in addition", "besides", links adjectives and verbs.
也 and 还 are used in the same way.
I speak English and Chinese
wǒ huì shuō yīngyǔ, hái huì shuō hànyǔ
Dad has a car and a bicycle
bàba yǒu yí liàng chē, hái yǒu yí liàng zìxíngchē
Expressing “still” with 还是 and 还(没)…呢
Coordinating conjunction "and", “with”
另 and 另外
Conjunctions expressing “besides” 并, 并且 and 而且
Other meanings of 还
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