“Again and again” with 一再 and 再三
Both adverbs have the same meaning, but differ slightly in usage.
The adverbs and denote the repetition of an action. They both should be stated before the predicate, and they both may be followed by the particle .
Pay attention
We use 一再 when speaking about the repetition of actions in the past. We use 再三 when speaking about the repetition of an action either in the past or in the future.
He thanked me again and again
tā zàisān gǎnxiè wǒ
I warned him over and over again, but he didn’t listen to me
wǒ yízài de jǐnggào tā, dànshì tā bù tīng wǒ de
I want to emphasize this matter again and again tomorrow
míngtiān wǒ yào zàisān qiángdiào zhè jiàn shìqíng
After 再三, we can only state verbs with a positive or neutral meaning. These verbs should denote an action that the speaker performs himself and can control. These restrictions to not apply to 一再.
He has been injured repeatedly since joining the team
zì rù duì yǐlái tā yízài shòushāng
You should think twice about that
nǐ yīng zàisān kǎolǜ
We should state 一再 only before a verb. Sometimes we can state 再三 after a verb, but this is an exception.
I thought twice and decided not to buy this dress
wǒ sīkǎo zàisān, juédìng bù mǎi zhè tiáo qúnzi
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