Cardinal numerals less than 10,000

Cardinal numerals (基数词) are numerals used for counting: one, two, three. They are used to indicate the number of objects, people, occurrences, etc.

Arabic numerals are used

Arabic numerals are used to write numbers and figures in China. Chinese characters are used when a number should be written in words. For example “ten” instead of “10”.
Numbers are classified into digits. For example, ones, tens, hundreds and so on.
Besides the ones we know, there are some unique digits in Chinese, such as 10,000.
Let's consider each of them.

Numbers less than 100

Numerals from 0 to 10 consist of one character:
零
一
二
三
四
五
六
七
八
九
十

Pay attention

The numeral "0" has two forms of spelling 零 and 〇.
〇 is only used in years: 二〇〇九 .

The ones digit is denoted by numbers from 1 to 9.
To form the numerals from 11 to 19 in tens digit, add numerals from 1 to 9 after the numeral 10.

Scheme

十

ones

Examples

十一

11

shíyī

十二

12

shí'èr

十八

18

shíbā

Pay attention

In numbers like 12, 20, 22 the "two" is only stated as 二. 两 cannot be used.

Add numerals from 2 to 9 in front of the word 十 to form round numbers like 20, 30, 40.

Scheme

number of tens

十

Examples

四十

40

sìshí

五十

50

wǔshí

Add numerals from 1 to 9 after the numeral tens to form numerals from 21 to 99.

Scheme

number of tens

十

ones

Examples

三十五

35

sānshíwǔ

二十九

29

èrshíjiǔ

九十八

98

jiǔshíbā

Numbers from 100 to 1000

The hundreds digit is denoted by the word 百 one hundred.
Add the numerals from 1 to 9 in front of the word 百 to form round numbers like 200, 300, 400.

Pay attention

It is necessary to say one ''一'' to say numbers like 100, 1000, 10000. It applies to all numbers from 100 and over.
For example, the number 100 is stated as 一百 .

Examples

三百

300

sānbǎi

二百

200

èrbǎi

Pay attention

In colloquial speech, 200 is stated as 两百.

Add tens and ones digits to the hundreds digit to form numerals from 101 to 999.

Examples

四百五十三

453

sìbǎi wǔshísān

七百八十九

789

qībǎi bāshíjiǔ

一百二十

120

yìbǎi èrshí

Pay attention

If a number has the digits of hundreds and tens, but no digits of ones, the word 十 can be omitted. These are numbers that end in 0.
For example, 120 can be stated as 一百二十 or 一百二 .

If the number after a hundred is from 10 to 19, the one ''一'' in the tens digit must be stated.
For example:
115 is stated as 一百一十五
719 is stated as 七百一十九

If there is a zero in the middle of the numeral, it must also be stated.
For example:
705 is stated as 七百零五
102 is stated as 一百零二

Pay attention

If zero is not stated, the number 七百五 will be taken as 750 and the number 一百二 will be taken as 120.

Numbers from 1000 to 10 000

The thousands digit is denoted by the word 千 .
Add the numerals from 1 to 9 in front of the word 千 to form numerals like 1000, 2000, 3000.
If there are other digits in the number, write them in order.

Examples

五千

5000

wǔqiān

二千一百五十三

2153

èrqiān yìbǎi wǔshísān

Pay attention

In colloquial speech 2000 is stated as 两千.

If there is a zero in the middle of a numeral, it must be stated.
For example:
2022 is stated as 二千零二十二 .
If there are several consecutive zeros in the middle of a numeral, "0" is said only once.
For example:
2002 is stated as 二千零二 .