Cardinal numerals from 10,000

Cardinal numerals (基数词) are numerals used for counting: one, two, three. They indicate the number of objects, people, phenomena.

Numbers from 10,000 to 100,000,000

In Chinese, there is a special digit 万 to denote ten thousand.

Pay attention

Therefore, to say 30,000, use 3万 instead of 30千.

Examples

三万五千四百三十七

35,437

sān wàn wǔqiān sìbǎi sānshíqī

九万

90,000

jiǔ wàn

The word 一 must be stated to pronounce four-digit numbers starting with one.
For example:
10,000 is stated as 一万
12,000 is stated as 一万二千

Pay attention

The numeral 万 can be used in the tens, hundreds, and thousands.
For example:
one hundred thousand is 10万 (10,0000)
one million is 100万 (100,0000)
ten million is 1000万 (1000,0000)

万 is the digit which is the reference point in large numbers. So use a comma every 4 digits from the end to make it easier to figure out.

Let's find out how to simply say the number 698,213 in Chinese.
1) Count 4 digits from the end and write a comma: 69,8213.
2) Instead of a comma, say the word 万.
3) All that remains is to say the numbers on the left and right of the comma.
We get:

Examples

六十九万八千二百一十三

69,8213

liùshíjiǔ wàn bāqiān èrbǎi yìshísān

Let's consider a larger number: 98,256,354.
1) Count 4 digits from the end and write a comma: 9825,6354
2) Instead of a comma, say the word 万.
3) Say what is on the left and right of the comma as four-digit numbers: thousands-hundreds-tens.
Let's put it all together:

Examples

九千八百二十五万六千三百五十四

9825,6354

jiǔqiān bābǎi èrshíwǔ wàn liùqiān sānbǎi wǔshísì

In numerals starting from 100, the one "一 " must be pronounced if the number in the tens digit is between 10 and 19.
For example, 12,113 is stated as 一万二千一百一十三 .

If the last digit or the last few digits are missing, these digits may not be pronounced.
1200 can be stated as 一千二 (百 is omitted)
12,000 can be stated as 一万二 (千 is omitted)

If there are zeros inside the number

If a digit is missing and there is a zero in its place, 零 is pronounced.

Examples

三万四千零九十八

34098

sān wàn sìqiān líng jiǔshíbā

两万零两百零二

20202

liǎng wàn líng liǎng bǎi líng èr

十二万零一百

120100

shí'èr wàn líng yìbǎi

Pay attention

If the number ends with a zero, it does not need to be pronounced.

If there are several zeros in a row, the word "zero" is pronounced once.

Examples

一百十二万零一百

1200100

yìbǎi shí'èr wàn líng yìbǎi

一百十二万零一

1200001

yìbǎi shí'èr wàn líng yì

Pay attention

The exceptions are numbers like 1001000, 1002000 and so on. They are stated as
一百万一千 , 一百万两千 etc.
The word "zero" is not pronounced in this example, because zeros are within a digit:
[100][1000]
[一百万][一千]
[100][2000]
[一百万][两千]

Numbers starting from 100,000,000

There is a digit 亿 to denote a hundred million.

Examples

一亿

1,0000,0000

yíyì

五亿六千八百五十四万六千七百一十二

5,6854,6712

wǔyì liùqiān bābǎi wǔshísì wàn liùqiān qībǎi yìshí'èr

Pay attention

The digit 亿 is used to form the following numbers:
10亿
100亿
1000亿

亿 is the reference point in these larger numbers. In nine- or ten-digit numbers, count every 4 digits from the end and write a comma.
Replace the first comma with 亿 and the second with 万. Say the numbers between the commas as four-digit numbers.

For example, the number 3,783,574,578.
1) Let's count and separate every 4 digits with a comma: 37,8357,4578.
2) It will be read as 37亿8357万4578.
We get:

Examples

三十七亿八千三百五十七万四千五百七十八

37,8357,4578

sānshíqī yì bāqiān sānbǎi wǔshíqī wàn sìqiān wǔbǎi qīshíbā

The trillion digit is formed either by combining the 万 and 亿 digits: 万亿, or by using the 兆 digit.

Examples

一万亿

1,000,000,000,000

yí wàn yì

十兆

10,000,000,000,000

shí zhào

A cheat sheet on large numbers

Insert your number so that the last digit of that number is in the place of the last gap. Insert only one digit in each gap.
___亿, ___千___百___十___万, ___千___百___十___