Fractions and Percentages

A little math for now: we will learn how to read percentages, common fractions, and decimals in Chinese.

How to read a common fraction

Common fractions, such as 1/3 or 2/7, should be stated bottom-up.
Use the scheme:

Scheme

the number in the denominator

分之

the number in the numerator

Examples

五分之二

2/5

wǔ fēnzhī èr

五十六分之二十五

25/56

wǔshíliù fēnzhī èrshíwǔ

三分之一

1/3

sān fēnzhī yī

How to read a decimal fraction

Decimal fractions are divided into a whole part and a decimal part. For example: 4.5 or 8.02.
In writing, the whole and decimal parts are separated from each other by a dot. Orally, the decimal point is called 点 .

Scheme

whole part

点

decimal part

Examples

八点七五

8,75

bā diǎn qī wǔ

Pay attention

The numeral after 点 are stated one by one, without stating the digits.

How to read percentages

The numbers in percentages should be stated backwards. First you have to say the phrase 百分之 and then the numeral.
After saying the percentage we should put the particle 的 before the noun.

Scheme

百分之

numeral

的

noun

Examples

餐费包括百分之十的服务费

The meal includes a 10% service charge

cānfèi bāokuò bǎifēnzhī shí de fúwùfèi

百分之八十的人口是农民

80% of the population are farmers.

băifēnzhī bāshí de rénkŏu shìnóngmín

Pay attention

When it’s 100%, we should say 百分之百 .

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