Fractions and Percentages
A little math for now: we will learn how to read percentages, common fractions, and decimals in Chinese.
How to read a common fraction
Common fractions, such as 1/3 or 2/7, should be stated bottom-up. Use the scheme:
Scheme
the number in the denominator
below the line

fēnzhī
the number in the numerator
above the line
Examples

2/5
wǔ fēnzhī èr

25/56
wǔshíliù fēnzhī èrshíwǔ

1/3
sān fēnzhī yī
How to read a decimal fraction
Decimal fractions are divided into a whole part and a decimal part. For example: 4.5 or 8.02. In writing, the whole and decimal parts are separated from each other by a dot. Orally, the decimal point is called .
Scheme
whole part
decimal part
Examples

8,75
bā diǎn qī wǔ
Pay attention
The numeral after 点 are stated one by one, without stating the digits.
The numbers in percentages should be stated backwards. First you have to say the phrase and then the numeral. After saying the percentage we should put the particle before the noun.
Scheme

numeral
noun
Examples

The meal includes a 10% service charge
cānfèi bāokuò bǎifēnzhī shí de fúwùfèi

80% of the population are farmers.
băifēnzhī bāshí de rénkŏu shìnóngmín
Pay attention
When it’s 100%, we should say .